Bedtime = book time. Parents know that equation by heart, or at
least they're supposed to. The drill goes like this: Just before the
goodnight kiss, we snuggle up with our young kids, open a book, and
read with them. Okay, so maybe at first we have to beg them to just
settle down. And maybe the baby is more prone to eat the pages than
look at them. But still, we try. We're the ones responsible for these
little human beings. It's part of our job.
Mathematics, on the other hand, that's not on the must-do list.
Reading may be part of the raising-kids routine. Math -- not so much.
maybe it should be. Our children's mediocre performance in mathematics
has been a running theme. Reports stream forth on the need for
educators to pay more attention to young children's math skills. Last
month, new data out of the U.S. Department of Education showed that
fourth-grade students are in a math slump. After nearly two decades of
watching fourth graders make steady progress, scores on the National
Assessment of Educational Progress seemed to hit a wall. The average
math score hasn't budged since 2007.
Theories abound on why this might be. For one, we don't recognize
that young children can grasp more mathematics concepts than we give
them credit for. A report from the National Academies of Sciences
earlier this year pointed out that "although virtually all young
children have the capability to learn and become competent in
mathematics," most of them don't have good opportunities to do so.
Teacher preparation programs are partly to blame too. Many teachers
admit to being uncomfortable with math themselves - let alone prepared
to make it fun and interesting for young kids.
So, yes, the educational system can do a lot more, but isn't it time
for numbers to get the nod in households too? Could mathematics for
young children become embedded in family's daily routines as deeply as
Here's my proposal: Make way for morning math.
Now don't take this the wrong way. This is not a call for yet more
hyper-parenting. You won't need preschool math tutors or 1+1 flash
cards. Hang up the phone and put those away. A sure-fire way to make
math miserable is to force a 4 year old to memorize what the number 10
looks like without giving him anything concrete to help him relate to
those strange symbols and what they are supposed to represent.
Nor is this a proposal that only mathematical geniuses can pull off.
This isn't about doing differential equations at the dining room table.
It doesn't require pencils and paper, calculators or measuring sticks.
This is about helping to lay a foundation for children in their
youngest years, when doing math is about finding fun, playful moments
to introduce numbers, shapes, measuring, grouping and sorting.
Rummage through the sock drawer with your 4 year old, encouraging
her to find a matching pair. Voila. You've covered one math concept
already. Go to the freezer and pull out the frozen waffles for your
6-year-old. "You want one-and-a-half? How about three halfs instead?"
Wink, wink, another concept down the hatch. Ask your 8-year-old to pour
the juice so that the glasses are 75 percent full. Aha. A good opening
for a chat about fractions.
Two years ago, in an influential article in the journal
Developmental Psychology , researchers found that mathematics skills
trumped reading skills as one of the best predictors of success in the
later school years. As policy makers and educators continue to search
for the best ways to close the achievement gap, you can bet that math
education for young children will be attracting more and more
So let's make math count in the home as well as at school. On the
literacy front, we've had decades of reading research to remind us
about the importance of that bedtime book-reading routine. Public
service advertisements, kindergarten homework assignments and family
literacy programs all urge parents to read a book with their kids.
Imagine what might happen with a similar campaign that suggests ways
for parents to do math in the morning with their children. Look for
numbers on cereal boxes. Talk about the score of last night's ball
game. Point out patterns on their hats and mittens as you dress them
At the very least, this morning math concept should be an idea worth
pondering while we sip our morning coffee -- after we've challenged our
kids to estimate how many cups are still left in the pot.